Minecraft 1.19 ore distribution guide: where and how to find each ore

Minecraft 1.19 ore distribution guide: where and how to find each ore

It’s time to apply enchantments to your pickaxe in minecraft and start mining. Minecraft update 1.19 brings a variety of changes to the underground world of the game and that inevitably leads to a slight change in the location of ores. Fortunately, their location hasn’t changed much since the previous 1.18 update, but it’s hard to remember the spawn height of all the ores. So, in this guide, we’ve gone over all the ore distribution heights, biome-based implications, and new changes in Minecraft 1.19. However, thanks to Warden’s presence in some resource-heavy areas, he’ll need to carry some extra weapons while he mines in this update. With that said, let’s not waste another moment and dive right in.

Minecraft 1.19 (2022) Ore Distribution Explained

With the recent updates, terrain generation and biomes in Minecraft have undergone major changes. Because of that, the distribution of minecraft ore has also changed in many ways. So, we are here to cover the locations, heights, and tips to find each ore in Minecraft 1.19. You can use the table below to explore each of them at your convenience.

What is the distribution of minerals in Minecraft?

The world of Minecraft is divided into fragments, where each fragment is a set of 16 blocks on all directional axes. When the game renders the world, it is rendered shard by shard, and each shard has its own ore generation system. This is still true for the Minecraft Java and Bedrock editions of the game. And the generation of minerals in each of these fragments is known as mineral distribution in Minecraft.

Although, more than pieces, the distribution of the mineral is affected by the world heights. As of Minecraft 1.19, the the height of the world reaches 320 blocks, and the the lowest point is at -64 blocks. So if you know the preferable height for each ore, you can expect to find them in most parts of the game at those particular world heights. However, in some cases, biomes also play a role in mineral generation. But more on that later.

Where are minerals spawned in Minecraft 1.19?

With the basics out of the way, it’s time to tackle the big elephant in the room. We are going to cover the spawn rules for each ore and the factors that affect them individually. Thanks to the developer notes and our tests, we have confirmed the heights to locate each mineral in Minecraft. He hasn’t changed since the Caves & Cliffs Part 2 update, so you don’t have to worry too much if you’re familiar with the latest major update. With that, let’s learn how to find each ore in Minecraft 1.19.

Note: The “Y” in the following descriptions refers to the height of the world, and each unit indicates a block in the game.


Putting an end to your anticipation, let’s first go over where to find diamonds in Minecraft. In Minecraft 1.19, diamond ore spawns below Y=16 world height only. From there, the deeper you go, the higher your chances of finding diamonds. With that logic, the the height of Y=-64 has the highest probability to generate a deep shale diamond ore. Although, at this level, lava is also commonly found in almost every step. So be sure to bring a fire resistance potion while you go mining.


The most efficient fuel in Minecraft generates between Y=256 and Y=0 world height. You can find it on top of mountains and even inside caves. But if you want to accumulate it, maximizes at Y=90.


Although not the most useful mineral, copper is still quite unique. So if you want to experience it firsthand, you can find it below Y=112 and above Y=-16 world height. Its spawn rate is maximum at Y=48 height of the world Also, it most commonly spawns in stalactite cave biomes. So you can use our best stalactite cave seeds to collect copper within minutes of spawning.


Whether you’re a veteran player or a beginner, you can’t progress in Minecraft without a gathering iron. This common and important mineral generates between Y=-32 and Y=256. However, finding it on top of the mountains is not easy. On the other hand the the greatest amount of iron is generated at Y=16which is where you should be looking too.


Shiny gold ore spawns the most in the Badlands biome in the overworld. But regardless of that, you can find it between levels Y=-64 and Y=32. the the largest amount of gold ore is found at Y=-16 in Minecraft 1.19. But if you somehow fail to find it, you can also create a nether portal to find gold in the nether dimension. Here, its spawn rate is much higher than the best places in the overworld where more gold is spawned compared to the overworld.

restore stone

Redstone mineral between Y=-32 and Y=-64, and its occurrence increases as you go deeper. You can find max redstone ore at Y=-64 in Minecraft 1.19.


If you want to trade with any type of villager in Minecraft, you need emeralds to get a good deal. In a way, it is the currency of the game, and you can find it between Y=-16 and Y=256. Unlike most minerals, the emerald generation rises in the mountainsespecially at a world height of Y=224.

lapis lazuli LbluesYo

If you want to use enchantments in minecraft, you need to get lapis lazuli. But unfortunately, it’s rarest minecraft ore in all its biomes. Of course, its generation range is between Y= -64 and Y= 64. But if you want to try your luck, Y=0 is the best height to find lapis lazuli.

How to find Netherite in Minecraft

Although Netherite does not spawn in the same terrain or dimension as the other minerals, it is still the strongest functional material in the game. With that in mind, we have a dedicated guide that you can use to easily find Netherite in Minecraft. However, you won’t have to worry about Netherite until you’ve discovered all the other minerals in the game.

Minecraft ore generation based on biomes

Some of the minerals have special relationships with some Minecraft biomes. Therefore, the distribution of the ore changes in some circumstances. Changes to minerals affected by the biome include:

  • In the We stopped biome, gold ore spawns in larger amounts between Y=256 and Y=40 instead of its normal spawn.
  • You can find great veins of copper minerals in stalactite caves easily. But such generation is not common in other biomes.
  • Emerald ore only spawns in mountain biomes. This is the only area exclusive ore in the game.

Minerals in the Deep Dark and Ancient Cities

With Minecraft 1.19, the caves in your worlds are now bigger and more open than ever. That’s why exposed minerals are more common than ever. So instead of digging around, you can just aim to find a huge deep dark biome for some interesting minerals.

deep dark biome

Also, you can also do the same in the new old town in Minecraft 1.19. They are easier to navigate than caves, and you can find most of the minerals on the roof of these cities. To get started, check out our long list of the best ancient city seeds in Minecraft. However, the height-based ore spawn rules still apply here.

Explore the new distribution of minerals in Minecraft 1.19

With the knowledge of Minecraft 1.19 ore generation, you are ready to find all the ores you need in the game. And if you still need a boost, our list of the best Minecraft 1.19 seeds can lead you to a variety of lucky and resourceful spawns. One of them even gives you diamonds just a few seconds after spawning. However, if you know how to use the best Minecraft commands, finding an ore may never be a problem. But even these in-game commandos are brought to their knees when the best Minecraft mods enter the picture.

However, most players avoid using commands and mods to keep the vanilla Minecraft experience alive. If you’re among them, our Minecraft enchantments guide can help you on your mineral discovery journey without breaking the rules of the game. With that being said, don’t forget to share any other ore finding tips you discover within the new update in the comments section.

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