How to make a nether portal or an end portal in minecraft

How to make a nether portal or an end portal in minecraft
  • There are two main types of portals in Minecraft: the nether portal and the end portal.
  • To make a Nether Portal, you will need at least 10 obsidian blocks and some way to set them on fire.
  • You can find End Portals already built in fortresses, but you will need Eyes of Ender to activate them.

In Minecraft, there are three “dimensions” you can play in: The Overworld, the Nether, and the End. Every game starts in Overworld, and that’s where you’ll spend most of your time.

To get to the other dimensions, you must build portals, or find the pre-built portals scattered throughout the Overworld.

How to make a Nether Portal in Minecraft

The Nether is a bit like Minecraft’s version of Hell. It is filled with lava, fire, and undead warriors. But it’s also the only place where you can find important items like Fire Rods and Glow Stones.

To make a Nether Portal, you will need two things: Obsidian Y some way to set fire to obsidian.

There are a few ways to get obsidian. Obsidian blocks spawn every time water flows into lava, and you can mine it with a diamond pickaxe. You can also find them naturally generated in some forest mansions or ocean ruins.

Obsidian blocks in Minecraft, made by water flowing into lava.

Obsidian blocks formed by water flowing into lava.

Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider


When it comes to fire, you must use a tool of flint and steel. Combining an iron ingot with a flint unit (which you can find by mining gravel) you get flint and steel. Use flint and steel on any block to set it on fire.

You only need 10 obsidian blocks, but getting 14 blocks makes it easier to build the portal frame. You just need a flint and steel.

Once you have your obsidian, use it to build your portal frame. Depending on whether you have 14 obsidian blocks or 10, there are two ways to make the portal frame.

If you have 14 obsidian blocks, the frame should be four blocks long and five blocks high. Lay four blocks in a row on the ground, then stack four blocks on either side of that row. Use your last two blocks to connect the pillars at the top.

A diagram showing how to put together a Nether Portal in Minecraft.

A full Nether Portal requires 14 Obsidian Blocks.

Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider


You can make the same portal with just 10 obsidian blocks by cutting off the corners. Build your portal the same way as above, but replace the corners with any type of block. Once you’re done, feel free to destroy those corner blocks.

A Nether Portal in Minecraft, built with 10 obsidian blocks instead of 14.

You can cut off the corners and the frame will still work.

Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider


You now have your portal frame. To activate the frame and turn it into a real portal, use your flint and steel on any of the blocks.

A purple haze will fill the frame. Jump into the mist and stay there for a few seconds, and you will be transported to the Nether.

A ruined nether portal in Minecraft.

These half-built portals are called “Ruined Portals”.

Mojang; William Antonelli/Insider


How to make an end portal in minecraft

Unless you’re playing in creative mode (where you have access to every block in the game), there’s no way to build an end portal from scratch. Instead, you will have to find one that has already been partially built inside a fortress, and finish it using eyes of ender.

You can find fortresses by throwing Eyes of Ender into the air and moving in the direction they fly. Once you find the portal, activate it by placing an Eye of Ender on all twelve portal frames.

For more details on how to create Eyes of Ender or find a stronghold (and how to create an End Portal in creative mode), check out our full article and video on how to create an End Portal.

10 How to make an end portal in Minecraft

Most End Portals you find in strongholds will have some Eyes of Ender already placed inside.

Mojang; Emma Witman/Insider


How to make other portals in Minecraft

There are a few other types of portals in Minecraft. Two of them – the exit portal Y end walkway – can’t actually be manufactured. You can only spawn them by killing the Ender Dragon or using console commands.

The last type of portal is the funky portal. Added as an April Fool’s joke in 2020, you could make a Funky Portal by throwing a book into a Nether Portal. Once you entered, Funky Portal would teleport you to one of 2.1 billion random dimensions.

You can’t do Funky Portals in the current version of Minecraft. If you want to see them, you’ll need to open the Launcher, click Installations at the top, click New installationthen choose instantaneous 20w14infinity from the Version Dropdown menu.

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