How to find ancient debris

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How to find ancient debris

Ancient Debris is one of the rarest and most useful resources in all of Minecraft. These blocks are used to create remnants of netherite, which in turn are used to make netherite ingots. As of Update 1.16, netherite has replaced diamond as the most durable ore to make tools and armor, so ancient remains are in high demand.


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As the name “netherite” might suggest, ancient remains can only found in the nether, and is about 12 times rarer than diamond. It can only be mined with diamond or netherite pickaxes, and will drop as a block, meaning the Fortune enchantment cannot be used to produce additional debris. Lava or fire can’t burn ancient debris like a dropped item, and the block can’t explode, so players don’t need to worry about losing it.

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Where is the ancient debris found?

To find Ancient Debris, players will first need to travel to the Nether, making sure to bring a diamond pickaxe with them. It is also recommended that players use at least one piece of gold armor to avoid being attacked by Piglins. It is also recommended to bring some fire resistant potions; better safe than sorry. Once in the Nether, players will want open your coordinates. In Java Edition, this is done by pressing F3 (fn + F3 on Mac). On Bedrock Edition this is enabled in the video settings.

The coordinates are useful, as ancient debris spawn rates vary based on the Y (height) coordinate. In general, a drop of 1-3 ancient debris tries to spawn on each 16×16 fragment, between heights Y=8 and Y=22. An additional drop of 0-2 Ancient Debris attempts to spawn between Y=8 and Y=118. Ancient Debris replaces netherack in world spawn, so it’s possible for a blob spawn attempt to fail if the randomly selected position in the shard has no netherack.

Ancient Debris will never spawn with natural exposure to air, so players can’t rely on exploring inside and just being vigilant. digging is mandatory. The value of Y where ancient debris spawns most often is Y=15, so this is where players should focus their efforts. A diamond pickaxe with a Efficiency V enchantment can instantly mine netherack, meaning players can quickly dig up large areas for ancient debris.

If possible, players should try to get a Repair enchantment for the diamond pickaxe, as well as Efficiency V. Repair will cause the durability to regenerate for their pickaxe as they build up XP, and the durability will deplete very, very quickly. when instant mining chunks of netherack. Players will stumble quartz and gold while mining ancient debris, which gives XP.

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Ancient Debris as Chest Loot

An alternate option for collecting ancient debris is through loot from chests. remains of bastions, which are natural structures that appear in the Nether, have a decent chance of spawning with ancient debris as treasure. There are three types of chests that can drop from bastion remains, with varying odds of having ancient remains:

Java Edition:

chest type Amount of old waste Probability
Generic Chest A 13.5%
Treasure chest Two 12.7%
Hoglin’s Stable Chest Two 5.7%

Basic edition:

chest type Amount of old waste Probability
Generic Chest A 13.5%
Treasure chest Two 12.7%
Hoglin’s Stable Chest A 5.7%

Each individual chest has a relatively Low probability of having ancient debris, but if enough chests are searched, the odds are in the player’s favour. This also removes the need to have a diamond pickaxe or get any enchantments, but instead requires a lot more Nether exploration to find bastion remnants. Which option players choose is based on their personal preferences.

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Uses for old waste

As stated above, the main use of ancient debris is the creation of netherite remnants. By melting Ancient Debris in a Furnace, players will receive a Netherite Chunk. By combining four of these scraps with four gold bars on a crafting table, players will receive a single Netherite Bar. This means that to make a netherite peakfor example, players will need to find a huge 12 ancient debris.

A possibly cooler use of ancient debris involves its blast resistance property. Like Obsidian, Ancient Debris cannot be blown up by explosions, either from Vines or TNT, but unlike Obsidian, they can be pushed by a piston. As such, red stone experts they have used ancient debris, along with TNT duplicators, to create semi-automatic tunnels. These are unfortunately only possible in Java Editionbut they can be used to mine gems very quickly in the overworld without depleting resources, or can even be used in the Nether to mine older debris.

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