Netherite was a material added to Minecraft in The Nether Update of 2020, adding a new level of rarity and strength above Diamond. Now, while you’ll still need to cover yourself in diamonds for the most part, the best survival experience involves eventually upgrading those items to Netherite, if you can find it.
What are Ancient Debris and Netherite?
As mentioned, Netherite is a material in line with Diamond and Iron, in that you can craft your tools, weapons, and armor from it. In the durability contest, Netherite sits proudly at the top, knocking Diamond off her perch, so for the ultimate kit, you’ll want your entire armor and entire arsenal upgraded to Netherite.
However, even though the material is similar to iron, gold and diamond, it works slightly differently and the process to obtain Netherite is threefold. First of all, you will never find Netherite Ore in the wild. In fact, what you’ll be looking for is called Ancient Debris, and it’s only found in The Nether. The ancient debris, in turn, melts down into scrap netherite. Finally, four Netherite Scraps can be crafted into a Netherite Ingot.
Yes, you read it right. You need to find four Ancient Remnants for each Netherite Ingot. Ancient Debris is also one of the rarest minerals in Minecraft. And, since it only falls, it is not affected by Fortune. In other words, you really have your work cut out for you if you’re looking for a full Netherite armor.
Where and how to find ancient remains in The Nether
So we know that Ancient Debris only spawns in the Nether, but it’s so rare that you’ll still want to know the best places and ways to mine it.
First off, it’s worth keeping in mind that Ancient Debris can spawn anywhere between Y levels 8 and 119 in The Nether, so keep an eye out wherever you are. It’s much less likely to be higher up, though, so don’t go actively looking for it at higher levels. Instead, the best level to actively mine is Y=15. However, to get an idea of how rare it is, according to the Minecraft Wiki at the time of writing, there are an average of 1.65 Ancient Debris per 16×16 shard, up to a maximum of five. That’s from top to bottom.
Of course, this is The Nether, so even once you’re at the right level, you’ll need to watch out for lava. Take some fire resistance potions with you in case you come into contact with the burning orange stuff, which you can get by trading with Piglins if you don’t have a brewing setup.
How to remove ancient debris
There are some tried and tested methods to mine Ancient Debris in Minecraft. The most popular is the use of explosives. With an inventory stocked with TNT or beds (remember, they explode in the Nether), you can blast larger areas in less time, and hopefully reveal some ancient remnants in the process. You just need to take into account both the blast radius and the resulting lava falls.
Mining at Y=15, you’ll want to place beds on either side of you, once per chunk. To protect yourself from the blast, simply open a tunnel to the side of you at eye level and place the bed at the end.
Once you click the “Use” button on the bed, it will explode, potentially revealing up to three exposed ancient remains. Thanks to Ancient Debris’s high blast resistance, it will never be destroyed in an explosion, meaning if it’s not on the exposed wall (or hidden behind it) after the explosion, there never was one there. Don’t be discouraged if there aren’t any. Due to its rarity, it might take a while to find any, so keep mining!
You can use a similar technique with TNT if you have a lot of sand and gunpowder, but the other (slightly) safer but slower method is to just branch mine at Y=15, making sure you still have plenty of Fire Resistance Potions on hand.
The last thing to keep in mind when mining ancient debris is that it can only be successfully mined with diamond or netherite pickaxes. Dig it up with anything else and you’ll lose it!
How to make Netherite tools and armor
If you manage to find enough Ancient Debris to start upgrading your tools and armor, there’s another change to the usual method. Fortunately, this makes the process more economical, almost reversing the costly method of needing four ancient scraps for one ingot.
Instead of placing your Netherite Ingots on a crafting table in the usual way, you’ll need a Blacksmithing table. You’ll also need existing Diamond items, as this is literally an upgrade. For this example, we’ll be using a Pickaxe, but no matter what item you want to upgrade, it’ll only cost you one Netherite Ingot.
Place your diamond pickaxe on the first slot of the smithing table and your netherite ingot on the second. You will then see that you will be able to remove your new Netherite item from the right side of the interface.
Then you can even repair your item with just one more Netherite Ingot when you are low on durability. This time, just place your Netherite item on an anvil, along with a Netherite Ingot, and repair 25% of the item’s original durability.
Uses for Minecraft Netherite
Aside from tools and armor, there are also a few other uses for Netherite, if you find enough of it.
If you’re rich enough (or in Creative mode), Netherite Blocks can make a great decorative item. And a great flex.
Fully functional beacons are crafted from the Beacon element on top of a pyramid of iron, gold, diamond, emerald, or netherite blocks. As such, for even more flexibility, you could build your beacon pyramid out of 164 Netherite blocks. However, this is wasteful, as a beacon pyramid built from 164 iron blocks would have the same strength.
The Lodestone was introduced in the 2020 Nether Update and is an item that can be used as an anchor at a specific location. Place a Lodestone in a location you want to remember and use a compass on it, that compass will now direct you to the Lodestone instead of spawning. It is made from eight Chiseled Stone Bricks and one Netherite Ingot, but can also be found in Bastion Bridge loot chests.
In the Java Edition, upgrading an already meme-worthy Diamond Hoe to a Netherite Hoe will earn you the Serious Dedication Achievement, because that’s serious dedication to farming.
Repairing your tools as they wither is much more efficient than crafting new ones, especially when dealing with Netherite. While you can also use the Mending enchantment to keep your tools in good shape, it doesn’t hurt to give them a quick fix by using an ingot on an anvil.
So there you have it. Now you know everything there is to know about the powerful minecraft ore of Netherite.
With your new knowledge on the subject, there will be nothing stopping you on your quest to become the best Minecraft player you can be. It’s a long road, no doubt about it. But once you dive into the Nether to get your own stash of Netherite, the quest will be much easier as you’ll be able to fight monsters, build better equipment, and reign over your fellow players (well, that’s the idea anyway). .
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